Exercise - Why it is Effective in the Prevention, Management, and Treatment of Chronic Disease
Pedersen presented some interesting facts as to why "Exercise is Medicine." They are as follows:
- Inactive individuals have a life expectancy that is 5 years shorter than their active counterparts.
- Social and environmental factors significantly influence health. Individuals who have a friend that becomes obese have an increased risk by 171% of becoming obese themselves. Interestingly, that increased risk is only 40% when a sibling becomes obese.
- Obesity plays a role in chronic inflammation. The presence of persistent chronic inflammation is associated with the development of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and Alzheimer's disease.
- Exercise induces anti-inflammatory effects.
- Exercise is effective in the prevention, management, and treatment of colon cancer, breast cancer, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and depression.
- Obesity and physical inactivity have environmental consequences. The increased consumption of food leads to an increase in production and manufacturing of food, thus increasing greenhouse emissions. Using a car to get to work, rather than riding a bicycle or walking, contributes to transportation emissions.
- "People change their behavior when a change in context compels them to."